Références sur la certification, accréditation, et évaluation de la durabilité  touristique

Bibliographie et références réalisées dans le cadre du Programme de recherche sur la certification en durabilité touristique

Références programmes d'accréditation et/ou certification

Pour ajouter une référence écrivez-nous: kad@kiskeya-alternative.org

Publications et articles de presse

Autres papiers et références sur le tourisme durable, codes et guides d'étique, etc.

  • AGENDA 21 for the Travel & Tourism Industry Towards Environmentally Sustainable Development (1996)
  • Tourism - Towards SustainabilityAt the Rio Earth Summit in 1992,
  • Rügen Recommendations.  November 1997 - Baltic Sea Area"
  • Environmentally Sustainable Development and TourismMaurice Strong, Chairman, Earth Council
  • Global Code of Ethics for Tourism, as submitted by ECTWT, TEN and EQUATIONS, to the World Tourism Organisation in 1998.
  • UN Accepts Ecotourism Codes (press release)
  • A Pilgrim's Progress:  terms used to describe sustainable tourism
  • Tourism Development and Conservation of Biological Diversity in Coastal Regions by Hartmut Rein and Wolfgang Strasdas
  • What Is A Sustainable Destination Area?. Allegheny Heritage Development Corporation
  • European Charter for Sustainable Tourism in Protected Areas
  • MANIFEST FOR A SUSTAINABLE FUTUR. French Regional Nature Parks.
  • WRI`s Dos and Don`ts World Resource Institute`s.
  • Project Ecotourism Dos and Don`ts Project Ecotourism
  • Australian Codes of Practice for Operators
  • Belize Eco-Tourism Association code of ethics
  • Code of Ethics for Tourists
  • PATA Code for Environmentally Responsible Tourism Pacific Asia Tourism Association.
  • Guidelines for Responsible Ecotourism in Belize
  • Code of Ethics for Travelers by Explorations in Travel
  • GORP - Principles of Ecotourism  Great Outdoors Recreation
  • Best Practice Ecotourism - online guide Australia`s Office of National Tourism
  • TES - Ecotourism Guidelines The Ecotourism Society. It also provides a Spanish version of guidelines.
  • International Ecotourism Management: Using Australia and Africa as Case Studies
  • The Impact of Tourism on the Environment by Milton Ponson (c) ECO ARUBA 1995 Evidence of the negative impact of tourism in the Caribbean is found in many islands.....
  • Ecotourism: Fad or Future?  by Dennis J. Gayle in HEMISPHERE MAGAZINE.
  • ECOTOURISM : Paradise gained, or paradise lost?
  • Ecotourism Association of Australia Code of Practice for Operators
  • Ecotourism Association of Australia Guidelines for Ecotourists
  • Ecotourism in Alaska .

  • Differentiating between Tourism and “Sustainable” Tourism Article by Meenakshi Varandani

    Pour ajouter une référence écrivez-nous: kad@kiskeya-alternative.org

    Plus d'information sur le programme australien National Ecotourism Accreditation Program - Ecotourism Association Australia (NEAP)

    From: Ecotourism Assoc Aust <meaghan@eastwind.com.au>
    Date: Wed, 09 Jun 1999 09:42:45 +1000

    The NEAP application document is structured around eight principles of ecotourism, which are applicable to tours, attactions and accommodation.   The principles are:


    1. focuses on personally experiencing natural areas in ways that lead to greater understanding and appreciation;
    2. integrates opportunities to understand natural areas into each experience;
    3. represents best practice for ecologically sustainable tourism;
    4. positively contributes to the ongoing conservation of natural areas;
    5. provides constructive ongoing contributions to local communities;
    6. is sensitive to, interprets and involves different cultures, particularly
    indigenous cultures;
    7. consistently meets client expectations; and
    8. marketing is accurate and leads to realistic expectations
    Under each of these principles, there are a number of criteria that operators must prove that their products meet if they are to be  eligible for accréditation.   There are two levels ofaccreditation, Ecotourism Accreditation and Advanced Accreditation, and
    these are reflected in the way the criteria are presented in the application document.   To achieve Ecotourism Accreditation, operators must demonstrate that their products fulfill 100% of the applicable core criteria under each principle.   To achieve Advanced Accreditation, products must meet a further 80% (at least) of the applicable bonus criteria under each principle.   As an alternative to achieving 80% of the bonus criteria, operators may also provide examples of innovative best practice.

    NEAP applications are reviewed by the assessors, and are presented at NEAP Panel teleconferences once a month for approval or rejection of the application. Credibillity of the program is maintained through:

            1.Referee checks at the time of application (applicants are required to supply two referees).
            2.A system of paper audits, which is conducted across the board once a year (this  year's audit was conducted in the interpretation and education criteria).
            3.Physical audits, which are conducted on randomly selected products and focus on the entire set of criteria.

    The NEAP criteria are detailed in the application document, which is available from my office for AUD $75.   If you wish to purchase the document, I can take a credit card order and have it forwarded to you within a few days.

    I do hope this information is useful - please don't hesitate to contact me if you need to know anything else.

    Date: Thu, 10 Jun 1999 08:49:48 +1000
    From:  Ecotourism Assoc Aust <meaghan@eastwind.com.au>

    The entire application document is actually in the format of a questionnaire - operators must tick boxes to indicate whether their products comply with the criteria.   I would request, however, that if the NEAP document is to be used as a model for developing your own accréditation program, that the source is acknowledged (i.e. it is a copyrighted document). I think AUD $75 is about $35-$40 US dollars - although you would need to check current exchange rates to get an exact conversion rate. Good luck with your project.

    © Kalalú-Danza 1999
    Kiskeya Destinación Alternativa
    Turismo sostenible y comercio electrónico, proyecto piloto de
    Fundación Taigüey.
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     http://kiskeya-alternative.org/certif/refer-certif-fra.html   |   updated August 12 1999